Even when outdoor temperatures start to drop, people can typically depend on more comfortable conditions in their homes. So, it’s all the more annoying when winter manages to sneak inside and cause trouble. A particularly frustrating problem is when the pipes of your plumbing system freeze over. Dealing with frozen pipes can range from inconvenient to a widespread, costly mess.
Many people choose to call their plumber to take care of frozen pipes, and that’s never a bad idea. But you can also thaw them out yourself with just a few items from your house. To help you resolve this annoying plumbing problem, here’s a step-by-step guide for thawing frozen pipes.
The first and sometimes most difficult step is locating the frozen pipes. Running all your faucets may help you narrow down likely locations. If one faucet isn’t working, you can follow those specific plumbing lines and hopefully locate the frozen pipes. The pipes themselves may not be obvious to spot unless ice is visibly forming around them.
Instead, you can run your hands along the plumbing until you notice a sudden drop in temperature. Once you’ve found where the plumbing is coldest, you’ve probably found the frozen pipes.
This method won’t work if every faucet isn’t running. You’ll want to check the main water line at this point since it’s the source of your home’s water supply. Every set of plumbing lines will eventually lead back to the water main. You’ll typically find yours in the basement or crawlspace. But if your home doesn’t have either of those things, try near the water heater or in the garage next. If you still can’t find it, locate your home’s water meter on an exterior wall, as the main line can often be found on the other side.
After confirming the pipes are frozen, shut off the main water supply. You can’t thaw the pipes with ice cold water on the inside, so you’ll also want to run every faucet if you haven’t already. This flushes the leftover water from the plumbing. Toilets will need to be flushed as well.
Once the plumbing is drained of water, it’s time to start the thawing process. Gather a couple of things before you begin:
You shouldn’t heat up the pipes too quickly, as that may damage your plumbing. Depending on your heat source, start at the edges of the frozen area. This keeps the process slow and stable. Also, do your best to heat the pipes closest toward the nearest kitchen or bathroom faucet. If any steam or water is produced by the heating process, it’ll flow in that direction.
Slowly inch your way along the pipe, heating sections a bit at a time. Some homeowners choose to turn up their thermostats, using the warmer air to evenly thaw all the pipes at once. As long as this is done slowly, it shouldn’t cause a problem. With some luck, you’ll have successfully thawed your frozen pipes. But there’s one more step to complete.
Return to the water main. Open the supply line, but only a little. This offers enough water to check for leaks without leaving a mess. A leak will be fairly obvious to find, and you should shut the water main off again if you do. At this point, it’s often best to call for a plumber. They’ll have the tools and experience to resolve the damage, including replacing the broken pipes.
If there’s not a leak, however, you can open the main water line the rest of the way before getting to all the faucets.
Sometimes thawing out frozen pipes is a little more difficult. Let’s go over some of the most likely complications and what you can do to work around them.
How long should it take to drain a frozen pipe?
30 to 45 minutes is a good average, with more severe icing requiring more time. Don’t try to speed the process up with more heat as this may damage the plumbing and make the problem worse.
What should I do if a pipe bursts or leaks?
Without the right tools and experience, it’s better to call a trusted plumber in the U.S.. Not only can they resolve things more quickly and effectively, but they’ll have a better chance of noticing if other plumbing problems are nearby.
How can I reach frozen pipes if they’re behind walls?
A lot of your plumbing is installed behind walls, making them especially tricky to thaw out. Heating the closest accessible area may work, or you could try heating the section of the wall closest to the frozen pipes. Heat lamps and your thermostat will be the best options. If these don’t work, you may have to take out a section of the wall to get close enough to start the thawing process.
The ideal way to thaw frozen pipes is to prevent them from icing over in the first place. Pipes closest to unheated spaces or the exterior of your home are at the most risk. It’s not impossible for other pipes to freeze over, but this is less likely as they’re probably close to insulation or between the floors of your home where it’s warm-->
If you follow these steps, you’ll either stop pipes from freezing or have a straightforward way of thawing them out. If you’d rather leave the work to a professional, call your nearest plumber in the U.S.. They’ll make sure your plumbing is taken care of safely.
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