Types of Heat Pumps

Are you searching for a new heat source for your residence? An energy-efficient heat pump could be precisely what you’re looking for. It’s very common that people know less about heat pumps than they do about furnaces or air conditioners, but modern heat pumps models can split your heating costs in half. They also provide cooling in the summertime for year-round comfort from a single system.

If we’ve piqued your interest, now you can learn more from the Experts at Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing about the different types of heat pumps before you decide what’s best for your home.

What Makes Heat Pumps So Special?

Heat pumps are a special type of HVAC system that provide heating and cooling. In the hot months, they work in a similar way to an air conditioning unit, using electricity to remove heat from your home. In the winter, a reversing valve enables the equipment to run in reverse, drawing in heat inside to warm up your home.

In addition to this dual functionality, heat pumps are known for their impressive efficiency. Because they move heat rather than produce it from a fuel source, heat pumps can achieve more than 300% efficiency. This compares to a max of 98% efficiency for modern gas-fired furnaces. By selecting a heat pump, you’re not just choosing comfort; you’re going with a system known for sustainability and energy savings.

Three Main Types of Heat Pumps

Although heat pumps have a number of subcategories, each system fits into one of these main types:

Air-source heat pumps

This is the most frequently found type of heat pump. HVAC technicians find that setup is usually straightforward, and these systems perform very well in moderate climates. Air source heat pumps use the ambient air as a medium for heat exchange. In other words, they draw heat from the outside air during the wintertime and take heat out of your home during the summertime.

Water-source heat pumps

If your home is located close to a body of water like a lake, pond or well, a water-source heat pump could be an efficient way to go. These systems run using water as the means for heat exchange, offering another efficiency boost. While less popular than air-source heat pumps because of the need for water access, these are a useful option for homeowners with the suitable environmental conditions.

Ground-source or geothermal heat pumps

If you are searching for the single most efficient climate control method around, ground-source or geothermal heat pumps are worth considering. These systems function using the earth’s stable underground temperature to supply consistent and incredibly efficient heating and cooling. The disadvantage to this variety of heat pump, however, is the complexity and expense of installation, which often involves excavation to lay underground pipes.

Heat Pump Subtypes

Once you identify what heat pump style you want in your home, the next step is to choose the best subtype. Your selections include:

Hybrid heat pumps

If you live in a region with dramatic temperature swings, hybrid heat pumps can provide the best of both worlds. These systems are available in two forms:

  • Combination air- and ground-source heat pumps switch between these different ways of transferring heat, changing with current weather conditions for the best efficiency.
  • Combination air-source heat pumps and gas furnaces depend on the heat pump if there is mild weather. Then, when temperatures drop, the gas-fired furnace starts up, conserving energy compared to the backup electric resistance heating coils that come standard.

Solar heat pumps

Merging sustainable energy with home heating and cooling is a fantastic way to cut your energy bills and help the environment. Solar heat pumps run using power generated by solar panels, the perfect setup for eco-conscious homeowners who still want to benefit from modern climate control.

Heat Pump Installation Options

You have even more choices for setting up your heat pump:

Split-system heat pumps

This is the traditional setup for the majority of homes with existing ductwork. The indoor unit is usually installed in the basement, attic or utility closet, while the exterior unit is located on a concrete slab in your yard.

Packaged heat pumps

In this setup, all mechanical components are located in a single outdoor unit, often installed on the roof. This is ideal for homes or commercial buildings with limited indoor or yard space.

H4: Ductless mini-split heat pumps

Ductless systems, also called mini-split systems, are often used in homes and additions that are not outfitted with ductwork. Every room can have a dedicated indoor unit attached to a single outdoor unit, offering targeted climate control and energy savings.

Window heat pumps

These compact devices are best suited for small spaces or to meet temporary needs. While less efficient than other choices, they provide quick and easy installation.

Choose Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing for Your Heat Pump Needs in the U.S.

If you’re ready to install a heat pump, choose the knowledgeable professionals at Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing. With decades of combined experience, 24/7 emergency service and a one-year 100% satisfaction guarantee, you can trust we’ll deliver a job well done every time. Our qualified crew will make sure your heat pump system is tailored to your needs, from installation to ongoing maintenance to occasional repairs.

Do you want to enjoy home comfort and efficiency like never before? Contact Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing for heat pump installation in the U.S.. Call 866-397-3787 today for your free, no-obligation estimate!

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